With Britons uncertain of how the country’s first coalition government since World War II will go about governing, the country’s Jewish community appears to be taking a wait-and-see approach to the new Conservative-Liberal Democrat government.
Prime Minister David Cameron
During the campaign, many Jews expressed alarm at Liberal Democratic positions on Israel.
Now party leader Nick Clegg, who last year called for a European arms boycott of Israel, is Britain’s deputy prime minister. And William Hague, the Conservative party leader who, during the 2006 Lebanon war, called Israel’s military response to Hezbollah’s attack “disproportionate,” is the new foreign minister.
What influence that will have on British foreign policy is, like much about the new government, a political unknown.
The new prime minister, David Cameron of the Conservative party, has been a strong backer of Israel. It is one of the many issues on which the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats have fundamental philosophical differences. Others include how to trim the country’s deficit and bring spending under control.
“With so much on the government’s plate, Israel – along with foreign policy in general – will be put way on the back burner,” said Robin Shepherd, foreign policy director of the Henry Jackson Society think tank and author of Beyond the Pale: Europe’s Problem with Israel.
“Given that both parties in the coalition will be preoccupied with the economy and that the Conservative party has shown no real interest in the Middle East anyway, the British Foreign Office will find itself in an immensely powerful position to influence the direction of policy,” Shepherd said. “In other words, the Arabist-oriented bureaucracy is likely to inherit a lot of power by default as top politicians attend to other matters.”
Candidates affiliated with the Conservatives and Liberal Democrats said the Jews should not worry.
“I don’t think the Jewish community has anything to fear,” said Robert Halfon, a Jew and a prominent figure in Conservative Friends of Israel who won a parliamentary seat last week for the Conservatives representing Harlow, north of London.
Matthew Harris, a Liberal Democratic candidate in Hendon who finished third in a race won by the Conservative candidate, said, “I think British Jewry will be pleasantly surprised by this government, and particularly by the quality of the five Lib-Dem cabinet ministers that will be taking up their posts. Whether on faith schools, security or even Israel, I think people will find the Lib-Dems and this coalition to be broadly supportive of Jewish interests.”
For the time being, official Jewish bodies made do with issuing pro forma statements congratulating the new government.
The country’s Jewish umbrella group, the Board of Deputies of British Jews, published a statement saying it “warmly welcomes the new prime minister, David Cameron, and his coalition Conservative/Liberal Democrat government” and that it “looks forward to a constructive, fruitful working relationship with Mr. Cameron, his cabinet and his wider team, together with a continued, regular dialogue with politicians of all parties and key civil servants.”
Jeremy Newmark, chief executive of the Jewish Leadership Council, had no comment.
“As a strategic body, it is not our role to provide a running commentary on a government that has yet to finalize its cabinet and set out key policies,” he told JTA.
Leaders of various Jewish organizations are hoping the candidates’ pledges to the Jewish community, made in interviews with the country’s main Jewish newspaper, the Jewish Chronicle, will hold fast. Both Clegg and Cameron promised support for security for the community. Clegg pledged to put 3,000 more police officers on the streets, and Cameron backed the funding of security around Jewish institutions, including schools.
As for the faith schools themselves – a major concern for many British Jews – new Education Secretary Michael Gove has long been considered a staunch advocate of Jewish communal interests, particularly in countering anti-Semitism. Gove, a former Times columnist and the author of Celsius 7/7, critiquing what he deemed the lax policies of Britain and the West toward terrorism, has publicly voiced his support of state-supported Jewish schools and pledged that the schools “will not have to pay for security” under a Tory government.
Both Cameron and Clegg said they backed changes to the current “universal jurisdiction” legislation, which allows British magistrates to issue arrest warrants for visiting foreign politicians and military staff. The law has been used to target Israeli officials and soldiers for alleged war crimes, in some cases scaring away Israeli officials from visiting Britain.
Cameron and Clegg have also spoken out forcefully against anti-Semitism.
As news of Britain’s new coalition government sank in, Jews also were trying to assess how the government’s priorities for cutting spending would affect domestic Jewish interests.
“It’s too early to know how a deficit reduction program will impact on funding for state-supported Jewish schools and social services,” said David Seidel, a community organizer in Brighton and a member of the Board of Deputies of British Jews. “Ditto for the final outcome of the new government’s policies generally, as well as whether the government can remain stable.”
In post-election analyses, it appeared that the Jewish community, like the rest of Britain, swung Conservative in last week’s vote.
In an analysis by the London Jewish Forum of 18 parliamentary constituencies, 40 per cent of Jews voted Conservative, 37 per cent voted Labour and 19 per cent voted Liberal Democrat. That differed only slightly from the London-wide general vote, which went 34 per cent Conservative, 37 per cent Labour and 22 per cent Liberal Democrat.
“This is a shift from a dominant Labour preference in years past and is something that is important to keep in mind on the local level where day-to-day Jewish interests are represented,” said the director of the London Jewish Forum, Alex Goldberg. “When faced with budgetary cutbacks promised by the new coalition government, grassroots alliances are key.”
Meanwhile, Jewish British ministers David and Ed Miliband are both set to run for the leadership of the Labour Party in the wake of prime minister Gordon Brown’s resignation. The brothers are the sons of Jewish immigrants to Britain.
Brown stepped down last week as prime minister, and said he’ll also step down as Labour leader by September.
The Milibands lost about 80 family members in the Holocaust. Their mother is Polish-born Marion Kozek. Their late father was Belgian-born Marxist intellectual Ralph Miliband.